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3. Number Theory and Zeta

    1. Problem 3.1.

      Is the value distribution of $|\zeta(1/2+it)|$ related to Painlevé?
        • Problem 3.2.

          Where is the arithmetic part in $P(s)$, the spacing distribution between zeros of the zeta function, for $\zeta(1/2+it)$? Can arithmetic corrections be found?
            •     We denote by $E_N(0,s)$ the measure of the set of matrices in $U(N)$ with no normalised eigenangle within $(0,s)$. Then we have that \[E_N(0,s)=\sum_{n=0}^N\frac{(-1)^n}{n!}\int_{\left[-\frac{s}{2},\frac{s}{2}\right]^n}\det_{n\times n}S_N(x_i-x_j)dx_1\dots dx_n\] where $S_N(\theta)=\frac{\sin\frac{N\theta}{2}}{\sin\frac{\theta}{2}}$.

              Problem 3.3.

              Find the small $s$ expansion for $E_N(0,s)$ - coefficients are polynomials in $N$. Find this expansion for all number theoretic ensembles in the literature.
                •     Recall that \[\zeta^k(s)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{d_k(n)}{n^s},\] and consider the truncated sum $\sum_{n=1}^N\frac{d_k(n)}{n^s}$. Then compute \[\lim_{T\rightarrow\infty}\frac{1}{(\log T)^{k^2}T}\int_0^T\left|\sum_{n=1}^{T^\alpha}\frac{d_k(n)}{n^{1/2+it}}\right|^2\frac{dt}{a_k}\overset{?}{=}\text{Piecewise Poly}_{k^2}(\alpha), \] where the equality is conjectured. Further, Keating et al showed that \[\mathbb{E}\left|\sum_{j_1+\dots+j_k=j}Sc_{j_1}(t)\dots Sc_{j_k}(t)\right|^2=\text{Piecewise Poly}(j/N).\] The $SC_i$ above are Secular coefficients.

                  Problem 3.4.

                  Prove the connection between these two equations - it is claimed that one is derivative of the other.
                      Reference: Keating et al. "Sums of divisor functions in $ F_ {q}[t] $ and matrix integrals." arXiv preprint arXiv:1504.07804 (2015).
                    • Problem 3.5.

                      Is there a formulation of the Riemann Hypothesis in Function Fields in terms of Hankel determinants?
                        • Problem 3.6.

                          Within random matrix theory, how does one distinguish the diagonal and off-diagonal contributions (from the point of view of Number Theory)? Is there a statistic one can write down?

                              Cite this as: AimPL: Painleve equations and their applications, available at http://aimpl.org/painleveapp.